Studying has two parts: learning and remembering. Learning is pinpointing the facts and ideas and understanding them; remembering is putting them into long-term storage in your head. For high test grades, you need to do both.
Remembering happens in two ways: by rote and by association. Rote memory is when you repeat something over and over again; associative memory is when you tie two things together in your mind. Associative memory is much more reliable than rote, so it’s important to use it as much as possible. Effective memorization relies on two factors: (1) how well you can integrate new information into your prior knowledge and (2) how often you rehearse or practice that information.
TIPS TO IMPROVE MEMORY
Why don’t we use our memory to its fullest potential?
For some odd reason, we tag certain information and remember it well. On the other hand, we poorly tag information that must be remembered and are never able to recall it. The “GIGO” syndrome does not work well for students at Texas A&M. Students who poorly tag or attempt to put “Garbage In” will most certainly not be able to remember and will get “Garbage Out” at test time.
YOUR MEMORY’S NATURAL RHYTHMS
Memory and related learning principles
The Principles of Short-Term and Long-Term Memory. This principle of long-term memory may well be at work when you recite or write the ideas and facts that you read. As you recite or write you are holding each idea in mind for the four or five seconds that are needed for the temporary memory to be converted into a permanent one.
Sharpen the memory skills and learning habits (Some theoretical and practical tips for seminary students)
Memory is retention of information over a period of time. Ebbinghaus studied memories by teaching himself lists of nonsense words and then studying his retention of these lists over periods of hours to days. This was one of the earliest studies of memory in psychology.