1. Formative concerns today
  2. integral formation
  3. multicultural formation



Formative concerns today:

Regarding content

1. personalized and integral formation (goal oriented)

2. formation of affective maturity

3. Deepened Claretian formation

4. regarding poverty



Mass formation?

Freedom and responsibility


Prepared formators.




Integral Formation.

The mystery of Human formation:

The preamble

          grounded in the mystery of God:

          created in His image and likeness.

          a creature, in solidarity with all animals in many aspects.

          Created with a capacity and possibility of transcendence. To enter into communion and dialogue with God and one another.

          Jesus Christ, the image of the beloved to conform

          The Holy Spirit, the protagonist of human formation

The scenario of formative itinerary and pedagogy

Faith maturing into Obedience, love to Chastity, hope to poverty

Chastity: Outside and inside

Friendship and solitude

Words and silence

Relationships and prayer

Community and apostolate

Community and family

Obedience: autonomy and dependence, activity and passivity, initiative and listening, personal reflection and community involvement

Poverty: efficiency and soberness, lasting things and cheap things, use of time and use of money beauty and neceissity, inlovement and detachment

Firm faith to obedience: obedience and discernment: to whom to obey

Obedience and lay: why to obey

Obedience and dialogue: how to obey

From love to Chastity:

Fear and freedom

To educate the heart to grow towards other-centeredness

From hope to poverty:

Poverty of creature: to accept

Poverty as personal limit: to offer in use

Poverty as sin: to fight against

Poverty as life style: to choose

The dialectic context of human growth: struggle for balance or tendencies to avoid tension of growing into maturity and freedom.

Individual and social: interpersonal maturity


Unity and diversity: integral growth

stability and change: being and becoming (creativity)

Masculine and feminine: harmony

Active and passive: synchronization

Listening and talking: empowerment

Receiving and giving:

Being silent and sound

Autonomy and dependence

Aggressiveness and nurturing

Firmness and flexibility

Narcissism and altruism

Doubt and faith

Self-seeking and self giving

Ownership and surrender

Life and death

Action and contemplation

Attachment and detachment

Inner and outer

Process –content

Separation-connectedness (communion)

Identity and belongingness

The triad:



Presence –absence-transformation

Acceptance –responsibility-call (temporality)

Physical. Social and spiritual

Conative, cognitive and affective

See, judge and act

Know, love and serve

Past -present and future




Structure-process –stages


Formative Models:

  1. The model of Perfection:
  2. The goal of formation is seen a perfection as goal of priesthood was holiness. Congregations are institutes of perfection.
  3. the strategy used are canalization and exclusion. : instinctual energy is assumed in the measure they support the projectof reason. Hence those instincts that are not in tune with it are excluded. More assertive and directive strategy. Point to the final goal rather than the the formative itinerary. The instincts should be completely integrated or succumbed to the ideal and if they fail, they have to eliminated ad have no right to be present in the life of a young formandi.
  4. define the goal in an exalterd manner and ignore the means.

          Pretention (unrealistic) and risk (realistic)

The pretention is the impulses will immediately conform to the ideals at the cost of elimination.. The negated forces do not cese to exist and remain present as denied forces as intuded or irregular without citizenship. Their energy is not afore which a person can benefit from in order to live the ideals.

          but as an ugly force to fight with rendering life very dramatic and painful to live the ideals.

          A model of struggle and fight and unbearable in the long run.. a useless psychological struggle of frustration rather than renunciation with wasting enormous amount of energy.


          Many aspirants do not rresist the tension or leave themselves to a life of mediocrity or attracted to the extreme polarity. (ex.perfect), turning out to poor unbelivers or fall very low.

The prefect controller (and exhausted)

          The greater the control on the instincts, the greater will be the threat of eros and pathos. To the conscouness which is experienced as anxiety.

          The person makes a frontal attack on the whole throwing the baby with bath water. The shaow side is denied.

          Seek a perfect ideal and castigate and repress the passionate side.

          Obligation like a yoke

          Lot of good will and sincerity, but little interior freedom.

Without passions and with no passion

Some implications in formation.

-oriented to an itinerary which in the long run try to eliminate the less noble and humble part of oneself. By eliminating or uprooting them by intentionality to the inconcious from where it continuously disturb the conscious living of evangelical ideals subtle infiltration of the deep motivation creating unexplainable crisis.

– one lives with a contradictory image about oneself. A very negative zone, a black hole on the other a side of self sufficiency – result anger or guilt and a consequent depression or sense of loss-

Failre to know oneself and accept oneself. Not fre to be oneself.psychic life is impoverished. No passion, ithout energy.

Positive aspects:

          extreme clarity about the project of life, the values to inculcate and the discipline to be practiced. Distinction between good and bad and the inevitable renunciation. Give sense of security to the individual rather than on the road to take, instilling courage

          training to assume a certain discipline as a style of life.- with advantages of regularity, discipline, habits, certain order in life.

          To help the person to reach his best.

2. Model of common observance:

A variation of the perfection model. Emphasis on collective effort

-the perfect group. Group of persons gathered together with the same project of community perfection in a ertain way of activing praying, relating etc. logic of perfection.

-sift cfrom individual ambit to that of community. Observance on the part of everyone. Formation is more an exterior problem rather than internal and personal motivations.

-persons bound together common interests.

Consequence: certain internal contradiction. greater uniformity leading comty to a commy of observance. Bell is important. Rules observed literally.

Suffocate the individuality of the individual

Attract persons with an already weak self to depend on the group and become models.


Formal conception of religious life

Saints are copied.

Conformist obedience is ego centric-for one’s own image

3. Self fulfllment

Return to the subject.fulfillment of one’s talents and abilities as primary purpose and guarantee of self-respect-

Ego at the origin, centre and end of everything

Positively recovery of the centrality of the subject and emergence from group embeddedness.

Personal talents given too much importance. :

Dependence on role

Big problems in recognizing one0s own moral limitations and living an authentic awareness of sin.

Inferiority complex.

Seductive attraction

Using gifts for God’s glory or narcissistic appropriation of them.

4. Model of self-acceptance:

Look at oneself with a kind eye, but with the same ego logic

On’w interior reality is recognized, negative components identified and given a name and understand where one is weak and identify areas of one’s slavery.

First thing is to know the inconsistencies

Accepting creaturehood.

Existential limitations: make me to beon my knees and to ask for God’s mercy. Compassion to others.

Risks, contradictions:

          risks from the closure of ego within oneself. Practical assent to one’s negativity. Peaceful self-absolution

          loss of consciousness of sin and penitential conscience.

          Ethical indifference .does not distinguish between good and evil

          Do not ask for renunciation and sacrifice


  1. non-integrative unique module

excessive attention to one aspect of life or one level of formation at the cost of others.

Missing holistic perspective

Often it is related to the competence of the formator or his preferred area or personal taste.

Often related to the formation received.

          unilateralism. Damaging in formation

  1. spiritualism. eg. Affective spiritualism. When she entered my life, I pray better
  2. volontarismo (moralismo)
  3. pietism. Say a prayer
  4. liturgism
  5. intellectualism
  6. psychologism
  7. experientialism
  8. do for yourself (subjectivism)

formative collage:

different dimensions are present but without mutual dialogue.

Self is holistic and hence not possible to deal a human being in different parts

Fragmented formation

Integrative model:

To construct and reconstruct, compose or recompose around a vital and meaningful centre which is a source of light and warmth in which one finds the ture identity and truth and the possi, pasbility to give meaning and fulfilment to every fragment of one0s own history and on’s own person in good as well as bad, to the past as well as the present in a constant movement of progressive centripetal attraction. Sucha centre for a believer, is a Pasqual mystery, the cross of the Son who, elevated on the earth, attracts all thing to himself. (Jn.12.32)

          centrality of Christ

          not cancelling, but giving meaning