Appendix 10 Canon Law Regarding Formation for Religious Life and Ministries

 Appendix 10

Systematic Listing of Canons from the Code of Canon Law Regarding Formation for Religious Life and Ministries[1]

 1. Formation For Religious Life

1.1. Postulancy or Pre-Novitiate

• Requirements for admission. Preparation…………………………………………………… c. 597

1.2. Novitiate

Admission to Novitiate

– Right of admission to the novitiate………………………………………………….. c.641

– Basic personal qualities for admission………………………………………………. c.642

– Impediments affecting validity of admission……………………………………. c.643

– Prohibitions against admission………………………………………………………… c.644

– Recommendations and reports………………………………………………………… c.645

  Characteristics of the Novitiate

– Nature and objectives of the novitiate……………………………………………… c.646

– Setting up the novitiate and life inside it and outside it……………………… c.647

– Length of the novitiate…………………………………………………………………… c.648

– Absences and anticipation of first profession……………………………………. c.649

 Formation of the Novices

– Formation plan and regimen of the novices………………………………………. c.650

– The novice-master and his assistant…………………………………………………. c.651

– The formation directives on the roles, objectives and responsibilities of the novices          c.652

– Leaving the novitiate…………………………………………………………………… c.653.1

– Ending novitiate. Extending it……………………………………………………… c.653.2

1.3. Religious Profession

• Components of religious profession……………………………………………………………. c.654

• Limits of temporary profession………………………………………………………………….. c.655

• Requirements for validity of temporary profession………………………………………. c.656

• Renewal and extension of temporary profession; anticipation of perpetual profession c.657

• Requirements for validity of perpetual profession………………………………………… c.658

• Disposing of temporal goods…………………………………………………………………….. c.668

• Recording of perpetual profession…………………………………………………………… c.535.2

1.4. Formation of Religious

• Formation after first profession: formation

directives………………………………………………………………………………………………….. c.659

• Main thrust of formation directives……………………………………………………………. c.660

• Penance and spiritual direction………………………………………………………….. cc.664;630

• Continuing or ongoing formation………………………………………………………………. c.661

1.5. Absence from the Community and Separation from the Institute

• Absence from Community Life

– Characteristics and types of absence………………………………………………… c.665

• Leaving the Institute

– General criterion………………………………………………………………………… c.657.1

– Freely leaving, on expiration of

temporary vows……………………………………………………………………………. c.688.1

– Permanent leaving, requested during temporary

vows…………………………………………………………………………………………… c.688.2

– Permanent leaving, imposed at the expiration of temporary vows……….. c.689

– Permanent leaving, requested during perpetual

vows……………………………………………………………………………………………… c.691

– The indult and its canonical effects…………………………………………….. cc.692-3

– Free readmission of former novices and temporarily professed……………. c.690

• Dismissal of Members

– Automatic or ipse facto dismissal…………………………………………………….. c.694

– Obligatory ab homine dismissal ……………………………………………………… c.695

– Non-obligatory ab homine dismissal………………………………………………… c.696

– Immediate expulsion from the religious house…………………………………… c.703

– The decree of dismissal………………………………………………………….. cc.699;700

– Canonical effects of dismissal…………………………………………………. cc.701-702

2. Formation for Ordained Ministries[2]

2.1. Admission of Candidates

• Conditions for admission………………………………………………………………………….. c.241

• Prior human and scientific preparation…………………………………………………….. c.234.2

2.2. Formation for Orders

• Candidates for the permanent deaconate…………………………………………………. c.236.2

• Priestly studies………………………………………………………………………….. cc.248-252;254

• Pastoral preparation………………………………………………………………………….. cc.255-258

2.3. Conditions for Those to be Ordained

• Conditions for validity……………………………………………………………………………. c.1024

• Conditions for liceity……………………………………………………………………………… c.1025

2.4. Requirements on the Part of Those to be Ordained

• Freedom of the candidate……………………………………………………………………….. c.1026

• Careful preparation………………………………………………………………. cc.1027-1028;1032

• Human and religious qualities………………………………………………………………….. c.1029

• Age and intervals…………………………………………………………………………………… c.1031

• Pastoral practice………………………………………………………………………………….. c.1032.2

• Suspension of ordination………………………………………………………………………… c.1030

2.5. Prerequisites for Ordination

• Reception and exercise of ministries of lector and acolyte………………………… c.1035.1

• Interval before deaconate…………………………………………………………………….. c.1035.2

• Personally written declaration………………………………………………………………….. c.1036

• Profession of Faith…………………………………………………………………………………… 833.6

• Spiritual exercises…………………………………………………………………………………… c.1039

• Special situation of the deacon ……………..c.1038

 2.6. Irregularities and Impediments

• General criteria:

– Principle of interpretation……………………………………………………………… c.1040

– Ignorance……………………………………………………………………………………. c.1045

– Various causes…………………………………………………………………………….. c.1046

– Responsibility of the faithful………………………………………………………… c.1043

• Irregularities for receiving orders……………………………………………………………… c.1041

• Impediments to receiving orders………………………………………………………………. c.1042

• Irregularities for exercising orders…………………………………………………………. c.1044.1

• Impediments to exercising orders………………………………………………………….. c.1044.2

• Dispensations:

– Under normal conditions………………………………………………………………. c.1047

– Special cases……………………………………………………………………………….. c.1048

– Way of requesting them……………………………………………………………….. c.1049

2.7. Documents, Scrutiny and Dimissorials

• Documents required before ordination……………………………………………………… c.1050

• Scrutiny of the qualities of the one to be

ordained………………………………………………………………………………………………….. c.1051

• Dimissorials:

– Who grants them…………………………………………………………………………. c.1019

– When they must be granted………………………………………………………….. c.1020

– Responsibility of the ordaing bishop……………………………………. cc.1052; 1022

– Validity of dimissorials………………………………………………………………… c.1023

2.8. Recording and Certification of Ordination

• Authentic individual certificate of ordination…………………………….   cc.1053.2

• Notification of the parish…………………. c.1054

2.9. Incardination and excardination of Those Ordained

• Every cleric must be incardinated………………………………………………………………. c.265

• Incardination of the religious cleric…………………………………………………………. c.266.2

• Incardination of a religious cleric in a diocese……………………………………………… c.693



     [1] A detailed summary of these canons is found in chapter 18 on Juridical Aspects of the Novitiate in this manual.

     [2] This section contains those canons directly related to religious ordinandi. Other canons, primarily affecting diocesan ordinandi, are not listed in this Appendix. Some, however, are cited throughout the GPF in order to illustrate formation orientations of those called to different ministries. They are the following canons: 232-234.1; 236.1; 237-247; 253; 259-264; 266-272; 1008; 1021; 1037.