Chapter IV: Claretians who left a Trace

CHAPTER IV: CLARETIANS WHO LEFT A TRACE

 We present the profile of some of our Claretian Missionaries who left a trace. The criteria we have followed have not been based exclusively on their outstanding virtue, but also on their personal qualities, be they intellectual, artistic, etc., as well as on the important role they played on behalf of the Congregation.

 COFOUNDERS OF THE CONGREGATION

 Stephen Sala

He was born on 28 May 1812 in a farm that belonged to the parish of Saint Martin of Sescors (Barcelona), distant one hour from Manlleu and three from Vic. In 1828 he began the study of Philosophy in the seminary of Vic and, later on, took up Theology in Cervera. In 1839 he was ordained a priest. In 1843 he met Fr. Claret during the Spiritual Exercises that the latter gave to priests in Gombreny. These Exercises meant a radical change for Fr. Sala. Fr. Benito Vilamitjana, future Archbishop of Tarragona, who shared the room with Fr. Sala, gave testimony of his conversion. From then on, he accompanied Fr. Claret in many of his missions. He was the first person Fr. Claret recruited for the foundation of the Congregation which his brother Bernard was also to join later on. When Fr. Claret went to Cuba as Archbishop, he appointed Fr. Sala his successor as Superior General of the Congregation. He also directed the newly founded Congregation of the Carmelite Sisters of Charity. Fr. Xifré wrote about him: “he was of regular height and pleasant figure; with a clear voice and good diction. He was well mannered and educated… His modesty was well known: his mere presence was enough to soothe everyone… He was most humble and meek of heart, zealous and, above all, so chaste and pure of heart that we do not hesitate to assert that he never in his life lost his baptismal grace. He was one of the best talents in the then University of Cervera. As a preacher he was among the best reputed of his time in the principality of Catalonia.” Fr. Claret managed to have him named his successor in the archdiocese of Cuba, but the sickness and death of Fr. Stephen Sala on 18 April 1858 prevented that wish from becoming a reality. He was 45 years old.

 Joseph Xifré

Joseph Xifré Mussach was born in a farm in the neighbourhood of Vic (Barcelona) on 18 February 1817. In 1829 he started his ecclesiastical career in this same city. At that time it was not possible for anyone to be ordained priest in Spain because of the civil war situation. As a consequence, Joseph Xifré went to Rome in 1839 and lodged at the convent of Saint Basil. There he providentially met Fr. Claret who had gone there with the intention of joining the Propagation of the Faith. On 16 February 1840 he was ordained priest and returned to Spain. His apostolic spirit was very similar to Claret’s. From a very early stage he felt the desire to devote himself to preaching, leading a poor life and travelling by foot; for several years he followed this style of apostolate. Together with Fr. Claret, he founded the Congregation of Missionaries. He possessed a sharp talent and intelligence, was tall and slender, of dark complexion and bright eyes, quite a character. Beneath an austere appearance he concealed a big, magnanimous heart, imperturbable in dangers, an ardent entrepreneur. After the death of Fr. Stephen Sala, he was designated third Superior General on May 1st, 1858 and held this office until his death. While the Founder was still alive, Fr. Xifré always considered him as the Superior, and maintained with him continuous correspondence; it was he who ordered Fr. Claret to write his Autobiography. Exiled in France after the revolution, he accompanied Fr. Claret during the last days of his life in Fontfroide, gave him the last sacraments and received his religious profession. From then on, his entire life was a continuous dedication to the Congregation, making it grow to its greatest expansion up to the very day of his death, which occurred in 1899 in Cervera.

 Manuel Vilaró

Was born in Vic (Barcelona) on 22 September 1816. He was short in stature but of pleasant bearing, kind, cheerful and modest. He was among the first to accompany Fr. Claret in his apostolic works. Because of his outstanding qualities, he was chosen for the foundation of the Congregation. He it was that, upon hearing Fr. Claret’s statement, “Today we start a great work,” with a humorous smile, retorted: “What can we do, since we are so young and so few?” Claret answered, “You will see. If we are young and few, the more God’s power and mercy will shine.” Father Vilaró was also chosen to accompany Fr. Claret when the latter went to Santiago de Cuba as Archbishop. There he worked tirelessly preaching missions, retreats and conferences but, victim of his great zeal, he had to return to Vic in 1852. There, at the request of his family, he stayed in his house and not with the community; he did this perhaps in order not to distract the attention of the missionaries with caring for him, since they were very few. But in his heart he was always with them till his death that occurred a few months later. In his sickness he was always attended by Fr. Clotet in whose arms very likely he died. Due to the last events of his life, Fr. Xifré considered him excluded from the Congregation. The General Chapter of 1922 rehabilitated him and put him again on a level with the rest of the cofounders.

Fr. Claret writes in his Autobiography about Fr. Vilaró (n. 592): “I made him my secretary and he fulfilled this job very well. Besides acting as my secretary, he also preached and heard confessions frequently. He was well educated, virtuous, zealous and a hard worker. He fell ill and, because the doctors in Cuba could do nothing for him, they ordered him back to Spain, where he died in his hometown of Vic.”

 Dominic Fábregas

Was born in Orís (Barcelona) on 10 July 1817. He was rather short, simple and timid, of a somewhat melancholic character, industrious, with a clear and penetrating voice that drew large audiences to his sermons. Like Xifré, and perhaps together with him, he also had to go to Rome and stay at the convent of St. Basil. There for the first time he had contact with the famous “Mosén” Claret, whom very likely he already knew, since he was only two years ahead of him in the seminary. He was ordained priest in Rome. Back in Spain, he devoted himself to the cure of souls until one day he was called by Msgr. Casadevall who invited him to get in touch with Mosén Claret. On 16 July 1849 he founded the Congregation together with Claret and the other companions. He was general counsellor of the Congregation. He was responsible for the foundation of the house of Segovia in 1861 and dedicated himself to preaching throughout the entire region. He was also tasked with the foundation of Huesca. After several appointments throughout Catalonia, already advanced in years, death caught up with him in Solsona in the year 1895.

Jaime Clotet

He was born in Manresa (Barcelona) on 24 July 1822. He studied Philosophy and Theology in Barcelona, and Moral Theology in Vic. Then he went to Rome where he was ordained priest. Back in Spain, he performed various pastoral duties but soon he realised that the cure of souls was not his vocation. Advised by Dr. Passarell, secretary to the Bishop of Vic, he had an interview with Fr. Claret whom he only knew by hearsay. This happened in June 1849. In July he joined Fr. Claret to found the Congregation. Soon after he took charge of the first Brothers of the Congregation. In 1858 he was designated Subdirector General of the Congregation. In 1870 he accompanied Fr. Claret in his last days in Fontfroide, and later on he wrote a Summary of his Life. In 1888 he stopped being Subdirector General and became Secretary. In 1898 he died in the house of Gracia (Barcelona) with the reputation of holiness. His cause of Beatification has already been introduced in Rome. We end with this brief profile by a biographer: “well loved and venerated by all, tireless forger of his own Christian and religious perfection; solicitous for the welfare of everyone; he passed by this world leaving behind a delicate scent of sanctity. He had no enemy at all.”

 SUPERIORS GENERAL

Saint Anthony Mary Claret, Founder. (See his biography)

Shortly after the foundation of the Congregation, he was appointed Archbishop of Santiago de Cuba. For this reason he had to leave the responsibility over the Congregation in the hands of one of the cofounders. However, he always continued being the last point of reference for the subsequent Generals. He attended all its Chapters and was concerned for its expansion, economic situation, approval of its Constitutions. At the end, shortly before he died, he explicitly made his profession in the Congregation at the hands of Fr. Joseph Xifré.

 Stephen Sala, Cofounder: 1850-1858. (See his life)

He succeeded the Founder of the Institute when the latter had to go to Cuba as Archbishop of Santiago. His main task as Superior General was the consolidation and spiritual formation of the newborn Congregation. He transferred the community from the Seminary to the house of La Merced in Vic. The Congregation’s growth was meagre during this stage; it was composed of 12 Priests and three Brothers at the time of his death. The presence of Fr. Founder in Madrid was a relief for him. He died when he had in mind the foundation of the house of Gracia (Barcelona), at a time when he had been appointed Archbishop of Santiago de Cuba.

Joseph Xifré, Cofounder: 1858-1899. (See his biography)

He has been called the second founder of the Congregation. He received it with only one house and 15 members; when he died, there were 70 houses and 1,782 members scattered throughout Europe, Africa and America. The legacy of his teachings still survives in his circulars, meditations and in his book “Spirit of the Congregation.” During his incumbency as General, the “Anales de la Congregación” and the long-lived magazine “Iris de Paz” were born. In his farewell to the Congregation before his death he wrote: “My dear Congregation: I have loved you as much as I could, till the end, and I will not forget you throughout eternity.”

 Clement Serrat: 1899-1906

Was born in Gurbs (Barcelona) on 12 January 1832. He joined the Congregation ten years after it was founded. Fr. Claret, speaking with Fr. Xifré, complimented him with these words: “Xifré, take good care of this young man; he will be a treasure for the Congregation.” During his first years in the Congregation he actively devoted himself to the ministry of the Word. From 1869 on, he was assigned to positions of formation of young novices and professed and to government posts in the study houses of Thuir, Vic, Gracia, Santo Domingo de la Calzada and Cervera. Assigned by Divine Providence to attend to the still young Congregation and to strengthen it with his conscientious organisation, he was present in all the important meetings and government Counsels that were held ever since he joined the Institute. He held first the office of General Consultor, then that of Subdirector General and finally that of Superior General in 1899, as successor to Fr. Xifré. While the latter had inherited the traditions and the energy of the Founder, Fr. Serrat inherited his sensitivity, prudence and love. He directed the Congregation for six years and founded about twenty houses and seminaries, particularly in Africa and Latin-America. At exactly 10 o’clock in the morning of 6 January 1906, a bronchial cold, complicated with self-intoxication and shattering of strength, extinguished his existence in Segovia.

 Martin Alsina: 1906-1922

He was born in Manresa on 4 September 1859. As a seminarian he was a serious, hardworking and zealous young man. He entered the Congregation at the end of his first year of theology. He was ordained priest in the year 1883. At an early stage his Superiors entrusted him with the task of formation. As a basis of the spiritual building he demanded from his formandi a great degree of loyalty and truthfulness. Simple, kind, serious and well balanced, he possessed innate leadership qualities. In 1894 he was appointed Superior of the Theology House of Santo Domingo de la Calzada. When Fr. Xifré died in 1899, Fr. Alsina was elected Subdirector General. In 1906, at Fr. Clement Serrat’s death, he was elected Superior General in the Chapter of Aranda de Duero. Later he was to be confirmed in this position in 1912 and to remain in it until his death in Zafra on 2 March 1922. He caused the Institute to expand greatly with some thirty foundations, most of then in the two Americas; he also accepted the difficult mission of Chocó. He gave a great impetus to the apostolate of the press through the foundation of publishing houses and important reviews such as “Ilustración del Clero” (now “Misión Abierta”), “Tesoro Sacro Musical,” “Commentarium pro Religiosis,” and several others in Latin-America. He made special efforts to propagate the veneration to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

  Nicholas García: 1922-1934 and 1937-1949

He was born in Hormicedo (Burgos) on 23 December 1869. He was a postulant in Segovia. He made his first vows in Alagón (Zaragoza) on 16 December 1886. He was ordained priest in Santo Domingo de la Calzada on 13 May 1894. He was elected Superior General in Vic on 11 October 1922 and re-elected to the same office on 4 December 1937. He died in Rome on 24 February 1950. During his two periods as General, a total of 24 years, the Congregation grew by almost a hundred new foundations. He accepted the Vicariate of Darien, the Prelature of Tocantins, the mission of China; he emphasised the teaching charism of the Congregation, shaped its juridical structure, its propaganda and organisational techniques, and instructed its members with remarkable circulars loaded with doctrine. In his time the outstanding magazines “Palestra Latina” and “Vida Religiosa” came to life.

Philip Maroto: 1934-1937

Was born in Garcillán (Segovia) on 26 May 1875. He entered the Claretian seminary of Segovia as a postulant and began his studies of Humanities, which he concluded in Barbastro. He made his Noviciate in Cervera and, after he finished his studies of Philosophy and Theology, he was ordained Priest in Santo Domingo de la Calzada on 13 May 1900. He was a professor in the University of San Apolinar in Rome. He was an outstanding canon lawyer and wrote one of the most interesting books of his time in his speciality: “La promulgación del Derecho Canónico.” His intelligence and his clairvoyance could not be overlooked and his name reached the highest dicasteries of the Roman Curia where his counsel and juridical know-how were insistently sought. He was the promoter and first director of the prestigious canonical magazine “Commentarium pro Religiosis.” He was appointed General Procurator in 1912 and Superior General in 1934. In Rome many people knew the Claretians only by the name of “Marotines.” Fr. Maroto was always a true religious. His obedience to the Superiors was exemplary. His position as General afforded him bitterness and worries. In Spain his children were being imprisoned and assassinated. Being an indefatigable worker, death caught up with him on 11 July 1937, with the pen in his hand at his work desk.

 Peter Schweiger: 1949-1967

He was born on 6 May 1894 in Trasching (Bavaria, Germany). Although he was a German, he was formed in the Claretian seminaries of the province of Catalonia and was ordained priest in 1920. He was a professor in the Roman Seminary and, since 1930, he held important posts in the Claretian communities of Germany. He was elected Superior General in the General Chapter of 1949 and reelected in that of 1961. During his incumbency important works were carried out, such as the International Colleges of Rome (Claretianum) and Salamanca. The great enterprise of the International Votive Temple of the Immaculate Heart of Mary in Rome was completed. Magazines of renown like “Ephemerides Mariologicae” were founded. The Congregation was organised in various Visitorships, Viceprovinces and new Provinces. He brought the Congregation into new countries and intensified its traditional ministries, illumined by his motto, “Ad maiora et amliora.” He died in Spaichingen on 18 August 1980.

 Anthony Leghisa: 1967-1979

Fr. Leghisa was born in Trieste with Yugoslavian nationality, from a Slovene-Austrian family. He made his first studies in the seminaries of the Claretian province of Italy, then he went to Spain to take up Philosophy and Theology in Zafra (Badajoz). Ordained priest in 1945, he taught in the boarding school of Don Benito. At his return to the province of Italy, he took up university studies in the Pontifical Oriental Institute of Rome. He was secretary of the magazine “Commentarium pro Religiosis.” During the period 1952-1960, when the communications of the main Yugoslavian Bishops with the Holy See were not easy, due to the Communist system, he was their official representative in the Roman Curia. He was general vice-assistant of the Union of Major Superiors of Italy (U.S.M.I.), director of the review “ALA” (Revista delle Religiose), organiser of the first Italian group of the Cordimarian Filiation, founder of the publishing house “Alma Roma,” General Postulator of the Causes of Beatification and Canonisation of the Institute and Provincial Superior of Italy. In addition to his vast knowledge in theological and juridical matters, he possessed a wide linguistic culture. The Special General Chapter of 1967 had entrusted him the difficult task of putting into effect the renewal of religious life demanded by the Second Vatican Council. This process was carried out all through Fr. Leghisa’s incumbency. During the years that the Congregation was under his leadership, great impulse was given to the missionary work and its expansion by fostering the practice of making the different missions dependent on the Provinces with greater personnel resources. He resigned from the Congregation in 1992.

 Gustavo Alonso: 1979-1991

He was born in Santiago Temple, Province of Córdoba (Argentina) in 1931 from a Spanish father and an Argentinean mother. He entered the seminary of Rosario at the age of 11 as a result of Fr. Eduardo Garriga’s preaching. He was ordained priest in August of 1955 and was sent to Rome to study spiritual theology at the “Angelicum,” where he obtained the doctorate in 1957. He returned to Argentina as a professor of Theology. In 1967 he was appointed General Secretary of the Congregation. He returned to Argentina as Provincial Superior and became President of CICLA (Interprovincial Conference of Claretians of Latin America). He was elected Superior General in 1979 and reelected in 1985. During his incumbency the Congregation acquired a more universal character spreading mainly in Africa and Asia where the number of vocations grew constantly. Also during this period the new Constitutions and Directory were definitively approved and an intensive Revision of Positions in the Congregation took place. Fr. Alonso participated in the Synod of Bishops of 1990 and wrote several circulars, especially one on Formation.

Aquilino Bocos: 1991-2003

He was born in Canillas de Esgueva (Valladolid) in 1938. He entered the Congregation in the seminary of Segovia; was ordained priest in 1963 and subsequently took up higher studies in Psychology and Religious Life. He was professor of Philosophy and Theology, formator of the Lebanese Missionaries (Maronites) and of the Claretian theologians in Salamanca and Madrid. He was also director of the magazine “Vida Religiosa” and subdirector and professor of the Institute of Religious Life in Madrid. He wrote several books on religious life, priesthood and Christian education. In 1980 he was elected Provincial Superior of Castile and in 1981 President of FERE (Spanish Federation of Teaching Religious). He was elected General Consultor in 1985, Superior General in 1991 and reelected in 1997.

  SELECTION OF PROFILES

 Donato Berenguer (+1882), missionary in Chile.

Born in Cedó (Lérida), Spain, he personally knew our Fr. Founder. He was an indefatigable missionary in Segovia and in Chile. He had a strong character, was levelheaded and cheerful, and capable of undergoing the greatest sufferings. He carried out the construction of the temple to the Immaculate Heart of Mary in Santiago de Chile; his remains now rest in its presbytery.

 Michael Xancó (+1887), a Lay Brother with the reputation of being a saint in Chile.

This saintly brother arrived in Chile with the famous expedition of 1872. Outstanding in him were his deep prayer, his charity and his spirit of sacrifice. He was the personification of the ideal brother. God granted him extraordinary gifts and graces. He died in Curicó in 1887 and his cause has already been introduced in Rome.

Diego Gavín (+1893), an indefatigable missionary.

Fr. Gavín was one of the best missionaries the Congregation had in its beginnings. He made his profession in the hands of our Fr. Founder in 1864. He immediately went with the Founder himself and with the Subdirector General to Segovia and from there he devoted himself for thirty years to preaching throughout Spain. He founded the houses of Barbastro, Calahorra, Pamplona, Alagón and Bilbao and initiated the minor seminaries or schools for postulants.

Paul Vallier (+1895), front line missionary in Chile.

He was born in Huesca in 1833. Six months after he started the noviciate with the Dominicans in 1860, Paul Vallier left the Order to return to the diocesan seminary. In 1864 Fr. Xifré admitted him in the Congregation. During that year of his noviciate he had the privilege of living with our Fr. Founder for three months, during which time he accompanied the Founder in giving Spiritual Exercises to priests. He held several positions in formation and government. He founded the Congregation in Chile, where he had to overcome many difficulties. He was a Visitor and attended two General Chapters. He was loved and respected, and was the soul of that group of genial missionaries who constitute the glory of the Congregation in Chile.

 Julian Butrón (+1901), venerated in Portugal.

Born in Rigoitia (Vizcaya) in 1874, he entered the Claretian Congregation at the age of 12. Right after his ordination to the priesthood in 1899, he was sent to Portugal. With great zeal he dedicated himself to the ministry, especially that of hearing confessions and giving popular missions. He died very young, exhausted by fatigue and a sudden illness in 1901. He was buried in Vila Cha de Beira. His body was found intact in 1922. Since then, many people visit his urn where he can be seen, and both believers and unbelievers find great peace.

 Mariano Avellana (+1904), a holy missionary in Chile.

He was born in Almudévar (Huesca), Spain, in 1844. In 1868 he was ordained as a diocesan priest on 19 September, the day of the revolt of Cádiz. In 1870 Fr. Avellana joined the Claretian Missionaries in Prades, (France). There he chose his motto: “either a saint or dead.” He was never to return to his country. In 1873 he was assigned to Chile. For 30 years he was the apostle of Northern Chile, where he was known as “the holy Fr. Mariano.” Nothing stopped his gigantic missionary spirit that reached also hospitals and prisons. Notwithstanding a big open wound in his leg, he never ceased in his apostolic zeal. He received veritable inspirations from God and he had made a resolution always to do what was more perfect. He died in the hospital of Carrizal Alto in 1904, commending himself to the Heart of Mary. The process of his beatification is well advanced.

 Eusebio Bofill (+1904), a saintly student.

He was a very virtuous young man who died at the outset of his ecclesiastical career as a professed student of our Congregation; he had made his first vows only five months earlier. His motto was: “I will rather lose my skin than my vocation or the observance of the most insignificant rule.” He was humble, kind, self-sacrificing, detached, and had a great devotion to the Blessed Virgin and, above all, to Jesus in the Eucharist.

Manuel Giol (+1909), lay Cordimarian spirituality.

He spent his childhood and young adulthood working in the farm. Right after the revolution of 1868 he was forced to enlist in the Alphonsine ranks. Once he entered the Congregation, Brother Giol stood out as a discreet man, kind, serious in his tasks, intelligent and magnanimous. The secret of his composure lay in his profound spirituality. He experienced inspirations from God, such as the foreknowledge of his impending death, among others. He is a real teacher in the devotion to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

Joachim Juanola (+1912), a missionary in Equatorial Guinea and a member of the Academy of Natural Sciences.

In 1884 he was sent to establish a foundation in the island of Annobón. Without a house, rejected by the natives, he was isolated for the first three months, together with his four companions. He bravely defended the Spanish sovereignty over the island by displaying the Spanish flag in the Mission; thus he was able to maintain at a distance the German warship Cyclops that had arrived with the intention of taking over the island. He was the first European to see the king of Moka in Fernando Poo. He wrote a grammar of the Bubi language.

 Armengol Coll (+1918), first Bishop of the Congregation.

At age 17 he went to Thuir (France) to enter the noviciate of the Claretian Missionaries. In 1881, at the age of 22, he was ordained priest. At the age of 31 he was designated Apostolic Prefect of Fernando Poo, where he had never been before. Fr. Xifré himself presented him in a circular in 1890. In 1904 Fernando Poo was declared Apostolic Vicariate and Fr. Armengol was designated its first Bishop. Pope Pius X was enchanted with the holiness of this man of God. His enormous work in Guinea did not prevent him from attending several General Chapters of the Congregation. He created the outstanding magazine “La Guinea Española.” He was a man of great virtue and love for the Congregation.

 Aloysius Álvarez (+1918), a saintly Mexican Student.

Born in Mexico, he came in contact with our Claretian missionaries very early in life, though he studied with the Marist Brothers and the Jesuits, and then entered the diocesan seminary where he began to lead a highly spiritual life. When he decided to enter the religious life in our Congregation, he went to Spain together with two other companions. His life was a continuous reference to Saint Aloysius Gonzaga, to whom he was frequently compared. After some years of intense spiritual life, and when the date of his priestly ordination was already at hand, he died of the flu that he contracted while tirelessly attending to his sick brothers in the community. He was 27 years old.

 Isaac Burgos (+1920), first Provincial Superior of Castile.

In 1877 he founded the house of Toledo Street in Madrid; but he was, before anything else, an active preacher and soon he left Madrid. He shone above all by his qualities of government: he was the first provincial Superior of Castile (1895) and visited the houses of Brazil. He became Subdirector General of the Congregation in 1912.

 Peter Marcer (+1927), a holy Brother.

He died with the reputation of being a saint in Santiago de Chile. He was highly devoted to prayer, zealous for the glory of God, self-sacrificing and faithful in everything. For 47 years he performed his duties as janitor or receptionist in the house of Santiago, in that sordid quarter of Belén. God had granted him the gift of transforming the reception room into a centre of apostolate. He dedicated himself to the work of preparing many ill-united couples for the legitimisation of their marriage. There were years when he was able to arrange the marriage of more than 500 couples, and never did the number go below 400. He died surrounded by an extraordinary popular reputation of sanctity. The cause of his Beatification has already been introduced in Rome.

Aloysius Iruarrízaga (+1928), a genius in music.

He was born in 1891 in Igorre-Yurre (Vizcaya), Spain. Towards 1904, when he was already in the Claretian seminary, Aloysius began to write music; by the time he was 16 or 17, he already composed several works for several voices. After his ordination to the priesthood in 1916, he was assigned to Madrid as an organist of the Shrine at Buen Suceso. He founded the Higher School of Sacred Music and the magazine “Tesoro Sacro Musical.” Starting in 1921 he was able to transcend the Spanish frontiers to give concerts in London, Paris, etc. In 1927 he established the Polyphonic Choir composed of 80 voices, with a presentation in the La Zarzuela Palace, with the attendance of the King and Queen and some ministers. He had no rest until his death. Side by side with him we can place his brothers, also Claretians, John, Gervasio, Francis, Crescencius and Ruperto, all of them musicians.

 Antony Mary Pueyo (+1929), a vocation to bishopric.

Ordained to the priesthood in 1886, as early as 1888 he was already doing marvels in the house of Cordoba. From there he exercised a fruitful apostolate for many years, and restored the church of Saint Paul in that city. Appointed General Consultor, he was responsible for several foundations, among which were those of Hayes (England) and Paris (France). When there were talks of making him a bishop in Spain, he was assigned to Bogotá (Colombia) where he arrived in 1912. In 1917 he was designated Bishop of Pasto. He gave himself entirely to his diocese where he built many churches. He was always outstanding in his devotion to the Heart of Mary, the Pope and the Congregation.

Michael Palau (+1929), a saint of the little things.

His name was always surrounded by a reputation of holiness. He led a life of extraordinary modesty and prayer, saturated with special graces. He spent all his life among masonry tools, almost always in Cervera where he died. The cause of his beatification has already been introduced.

 Felix A. Cepeda (+1930), a Chilean with charism for government.

He was born in La Serena (Chile) in 1854. He was ordained as a diocesan priest. In 1887, after listening, in a church of the Claretian Missionaries of La Serena, to a sermon on the Heart of Mary, he decided to enter the Congregation. Assigned in Spain, he was designated first Provincial Superior of Catalonia. He was also Visitor and Viceprovincial Superior of Mexico and the United States. When he returned to Spain, in 1920 he was elected General Consultor. He wrote many works and died in 1930, away from his beloved Chile.

 Francis Naval (+1930), a learned man and a distinguished archaeologist.

Like his brother Antony, he occupied important posts in the Congregation including that of Subdirector General. However he was known mainly for his vast knowledge and his few but profitable books. It is said that Pope Benedict XV used his “Sermonario Breve” for his allocutions. He also published a “Curso de Teología Ascética y Mística.” He was an institution in the field of archaeology in his time and wrote numerous articles in prestigious magazines. Fruit of his vast knowledge in this field was his book “Curso de Arqueología y Bellas Artes” which also acquired great renown.

Mariano Aguilar (+1931), our first great historian.

Of a great intellectual capacity (he already had three doctorates from Rome before his priestly ordination), he wrote the life of Fr. Claret in two volumes. For this work he was praised by Pope Pius X, by Queen Elizabeth II and by Menéndez y Pelayo himself. Shortly after, he was entrusted with the writing of the History of the Congregation. He was assigned to Peru and later on to Chile where he died. He also wrote other biographies such as those of Frs. Crusats, Sala and Clotet.

 Fernando Saperas (+1936), martyr of chastity.

He was one of the martyrs of Cervera. He was born in Alió (Tarragona), Spain, in 1905. While he was a shop assistant in a business shop in Barcelona, he entered the Congregation. The revolution of 1936 caught him in Cervera. In August, escaping from the persecution, he took refuge in La Rabassa, a nearby country house. Soon he was arrested as a suspect during a search. When they tried to force him to blaspheme, he reacted: “I am a religious and I will never do that.” In view of that confession, they forced him to take off his clothes right there in the vehicle. He resisted all pressures. In Cervera, while they were eating, they tried to get him drunk and paraded him through several brothels. When they saw that they could not break his moral stamina, they tortured him to such extent that the prostitutes themselves had to come to his defence. From there they took him to Tárrega. At dawn of the 13th they conducted him to the cemetery. Facing his assassins he asked permission to speak and he said: “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they do.” Shots were fired and finally he gave his life for his faith.

 Jesus Aníbal (+1936), a Colombian martyr.

He was born in Tarso, Colombia, in 1914. He entered the Claretian seminary at a very tender age, and made his first vows in 1929. He was suffering from an acute sinusitis that he bore with admirable patience. In 1935, together with 27 other seminarians, he left for Spain to finish his priestly career. He studied in Santo Domingo and Segovia, and ended up in Zafra for reasons of health. Forced by threats, he had to leave Zafra in May 1936, on his way to Seville and Ciudad Real. Not far from there, in the railway station of Fernán Caballero, on the way to Madrid, he met his death together with his 13 companions. He was the only non-Spaniard among the 273 Claretian martyrs of the civil war.

 John Buxó (+1936), physician and martyr.

He was born in Moncada, Spain. In 1895 he began his career in Medicine in Barcelona. In 1905 he obtained the degree of Licentiate and started his practice. In 1914 he entered the Congregation in Cervera. After his ordination to the priesthood, he practised as professor in the university of Cervera; later on he took up teachers’ training. He was always an exemplary man. The 1936 revolution caught him in Cervera. For three months he practised in the hospital serving the sick and during one month he even took care of the person who was to be his own assassin. He was shot, together with ten other missionaries shouting, “Long live Christ the King!” with cross-shaped arms.

 Julian Collell (+1937), founder of the Missionary Sisters of the Heart of Mary.

Early in his missionary life he was assigned to Mexico, where he devoted himself to popular missions. In the Carranza revolution he was imprisoned and exiled to USA. He returned to Mexico, ready to promote the “good press.” He was assigned to Puebla where Miss Carmen Serrano collaborated with him in the work of catechesis and practice of charity. In 1913 she proposed to him the idea of founding a Missionary Congregation that would dedicate itself to the teaching of Catechism to native children and peasant people. After going through many difficulties she was able to establish the Congregation in 1921, and gave it the name of Cordimarian Missionary Sisters.

Antony Naval (+1939), great master of asceticism and a man of government.

He was more renowned than his brother Francis and excelled in many aspects, but especially for his virtue and prudence. Like him, he was also General Consultor of the Congregation. He was an accomplished teacher in spiritual direction.

Manuel Sierra (+1943), a noteworthy musician in Peru.

He was assigned in Peru where he arrived in 1930. He had completed his studies of Gregorian chant with the Benedictines and the other branches of music under renowned masters in Barcelona. He founded the magazine “Tesoro Sacro Musical” and created the Claret Choral Group. He wrote a large amount of musical compositions.

 Damian Janáriz (+1947), an apostle of La Ribera (Burgos), Spain.

He was born in Miranda de Arga (Navarre), Spain, in 1870 and entered the Claretian seminary at the age of 12. All his life he enjoyed an excellent health. He was ordained priest in 1894 and was assigned to Chile where he devoted himself to the ministry among the common people and to the development of Marian devotion. Back in Spain in 1898, he established the Visita Domiciliaria, or home visitation of the Lady’s image. In 1904 he arrived in Aranda de Duero where he was to carry out an indefatigable activity all throughout the La Ribera zone. He created a great number of associations and led innumerable vocations to religious life. His biography and photo, as well as those of Frs. John Postíus and Narciso Domínguez, may be seen in the ESPASA Dictionary.

 John Postíus (+1952), an eminent canon lawyer.

He obtained the doctorate in both laws in Rome in 1903 and held that chair in Santo Domingo de la Calzada. His main activity however was carried out in Madrid, where he founded the magazine “Ilustración del Clero” and was director of “Iris de Paz.” He promoted International Marian Congresses, and in 1911 he was appointed by Cardinal Aguirre Secretary of the International Congress of Madrid. He became Subdirector General of the Congregation, General Procurator and Postulator of the Cause of our Fr. Founder. He was in charge of the security of the Claretians during the Spanish Civil War, and he himself was imprisoned. He piously died in Solsona. We can find a summary of his life in the ESPASA Encyclopedia.

Joseph Fogued (+1954), first Apostolic Prefect of Tunki (China).

He was born in Ojos Negros (Teruel), Spain in 1885. He had a precarious health and did not especially shine during his studies. After his ordination to the priesthood in 1912 he was assigned as prefect of postulants and of students. In 1929 he was appointed seminary Rector in Kaiffeng (China), where he arrived in October of the same year, together with Fr. Anastasius Rojas. In 1933, after going through a profound loneliness because of the departure of Fr. Rojas, he was sent to the mission of Hweichowfu and, shortly later, to Tunki, which was erected independent Prefecture in 1937 with Fr. Fogued as first Prefect. There he experienced the war with Japan, World War II and the Communist revolution. After unbelievable sufferings and vicissitudes, he was expelled from China in 1952. Back in Spain, he died in the house of Gracia in 1954.

Joachim Mª Sialo (+1957), the first Claretian coloured African.

He was born in the island of Bioko, Fernando Poo in 1899. He studied in our schools and at an early stage he manifested his inclination to the priesthood and went to prepare himself in Banapá, the Canary Islands and Barcelona. He studied for the teaching profession and returned to Guinea. Finally he reached the priesthood in 1929. He was the first Guinean priest. At age 32 he entered the Claretian noviciate in Jerez de los Caballeros. Back in his homeland, he devoted himself to missionary life as an excellent catechist. He wrote in several magazines, especially in “La Guinea Española” and ended his taxing life with the reputation of being a saintly religious.

Isaac Retes (+1959), an artist at heart.

He was gained for the Congregation by Fr. Gavín. He was not ordained to the priesthood until 1930, or 36 years after his profession and after many years of teaching Natural Sciences. After his ordination, he intensely dedicated himself to preaching. But above anything else, he was an artist and, as an artist, he stood out together with Fr. Martin Roure. His favourite inclination was painting. He was a disciple of Manuel González in Seville and painted a great many works about the Congregation.

John M. Gorricho (+1960), a legend of charity.

A man of great activity and accurate discernment. He was made a prisoner of the republicans at the outset of the Spanish Civil War in 1936. In the jail of Porlier –a Calasanz college in Guzmán el Bueno Street, in Madrid— he became the protagonist of an event that took place there, and was described in the daily “Ya” by Javier Martín Artajo. When a lieutenant colonel with nine children was called to be executed, Fr. Gorricho offered himself in his place. He was not accepted by the chief of the militiamen and was sent back to the prisoners’ cells. However, as a result of that gesture, the lieutenant colonel was pardoned. Shortly after that, the rest of the prisoners ended their days in the common grave of Paracuellos. He promoted the devotion to the Heart of Mary and published several books on that theme.

Siervo Goyeneche (+1964), a famous jurist and mitred Abbot of Santiago of the Spaniards of Naples.

Immediately after his ordination to the priesthood in the Claretian Congregation, he was sent to Rome where he received a degree in both laws in 1918 and, two years later, he was nominated professor of the Anselmianum. His entire career was a continuous ascent in the Roman cathedrae. Together with Frs. Maroto and Larraona, he founded the magazine “Commentarium pro Religiosis.” He was a prolific writer and a much-consulted man in the Roman institutions. He was Consultor of four Sacred Congregations and was invited as an expert to the Vatican II Council. He received noteworthy awards. Among his virtues we should note his equilibrium and his kindness, coupled with a great affability.

 Dominic Massieu (+1965), a Canarian politician and journalist.

He was born in Las Palmas, Canary Islands, in 1898, studied Law in Madrid, quit his practice to dedicate himself to politics: he successfully led the electoral campaign for the Monarchist Representatives and became deputy mayor of Las Palmas. In 1943 he became a journalist and founded the journal “Hoy.” At age 48 he entered the noviciate of the Congregation, and was outstanding for his prayer, sacrifice and humility.

Aloysius I. Andrade (+1966), minister, ambassador and candidate to the Presidency of Colombia.

He was born in Altamira (Colombia) in the year 1894. Around the age of 20 he went right into the political life of his country. As early as 1919 he was a member of the Parliament. Later on he became Ambassador to the Holy See, Minister and even candidate to the Presidency of the Republic. When his wife died, he asked to be admitted in the Congregation, leaving behind children and numerous grandchildren. He was 64. In 1959 he was ordained in Rome. As a learned man he was enthralling, but his simplicity as a religious was obvious. Back in his country, he never again participated in politics, but dedicated himself to social promotion and the priestly ministry.

 Angel Cantons (+1967), a reference in Italy.

He was born in Mollerusa (Lérida), Spain in 1895 and entered the Congregation at the age of 12. His dream was to go to the Missions but he was assigned to Italy. He was a missionary, an artist and a saint. He left behind many spiritual writings. He had a real passion for the Eucharist. He died in Palermo, and the cause of his beatification has already been introduced.

 Abel Antezana (+1968), first Archbishop of La Paz (Bolivia).

Born in Taranta (Bolivia), he made his vows in the Congregation in 1911 when he was already a priest. Not long before, the Claretians had arrived in Cochabamba to take charge of the seminary where Fr. Abel was teaching. Once the Claretians had established themselves in Oruro after numerous difficulties, in 1919 Fr. Abel tirelessly devoted himself to missionary work. Then in 1924 he was appointed Bishop of Oruro at the same time that Fr. Raymond Font was appointed Bishop of Tarija. He gave a great impulse to the Missionary Crusader Sisters of the Church. In 1939 he was appointed Bishop of La Paz and later on, in 1924, Archbishop. He became President of the Episcopal Conference and one of the Fathers of the Second Vatican Council. He was a great defender of the rights of his people and he professed a profound love for the Church and the Congregation.

 Christopher Fernández (+1969), our great historian and biographer of our Fr. Founder.

After receiving his licentiate in classics in Madrid, he went to Santo Domingo de la Calzada as professor. Soon after, he was entrusted with the writing of the life of the then Blessed Fr. Claret and the History of the Congregation which was without any doubt the master work of his life and a continuous reference for any Claretian desiring to know our past.

Arcadius Mª Larraona (+1973), illustrious jurist and first Cardinal of the Congregation.

Born in Navarre, Spain, he entered the Claretian seminary in Alagón (Zaragoza) in 1900 and was ordained a priest in 1911. Immediately he was assigned to Rome where he studied law in El Apolinar college. He was a Consultor of the Italian Province and of the Congregation. In 1929 be began to climb in the Sacred Roman Congregations and in 1950 was appointed Secretary of the Congregation for Religious. In 1959 he was made Cardinal and in 1962 Prefect of the Sacred Congregation of Rites. On that same year he was consecrated bishop. He presided over the Liturgical Commission of the Vatican II Council. In 1968 he resigned from his position as Prefect and was appointed camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals. He received numerous awards and distinctions.

Arthur Tabera (+1975), first Bishop of Albacete and Cardinal.

Born in Barco de Avila, Spain, he was soon influenced by a Claretian uncle who brought him to the seminary of Segovia. He was ordained to the priesthood in Rome in 1928. He formed a formidable team of jurists together with Maroto, Larraona and Goyeneche. Back in Spain he became the subdirector of “Ilustración del Clero” and founder of “Vida Religiosa.” In 1946 he was appointed titular Bishop of Lirbe and Apostolic Administrator of Barbastro and in 1950 he became first Bishop of Albacete. From there he moved to Pamplona as Archbishop. He took part in Vatican II Council and in 1969 he was made a Cardinal. In 1971 he was appointed Prefect of the Sacred Congregation for Divine Worship and, in 1973, of the Congregation for Religious. He was a great protector of the Cordimarian Filiation and obtained for it the approval as a Secular Institute. He always kept alive his Claretian identity and his love for the Heart of Mary.

Joseph de Matos (+1976), missionary bishop in Brazil.

He was born in Taiuva (Brazil) in 1918 and was ordained priest in 1945. He devoted himself first to formation and later on to parochial work. He became Episcopal Vicar of São Paulo and later on first Bishop of the new diocese of Barreto. During the three years and two months of his episcopacy he earned for himself the love of his people, integrated the laity, in whose formation he put special efforts, as well as in the care of religious women. Death caught up with him unexpectedly and, at the end of his life, he showed signs of a great Christian spirit and a refined love for the Congregation.

 Aloysius Pujol (+1976), founder of the Missionary Sisters of the Claretian Institute.

Born in Taradell (Barcelona), Spain, he entered the Congregation at the age of 12 and was ordained to the priesthood in Rome in the year 1927. On May 25, 1951 he founded the Congregation of Missionary Sisters of the Claretian Institute in Vic, with the help of Mother Mary Dolores Solá.

 Alfonso Milagro (+1981), an apostle of the pen in Argentina.

Born in Añatuya (Argentina) in 1915, he was one of the first Argentineans to enter into the Congregation. During his life, he promoted mainly two apostolates: the preaching of the Word and the apostolate of the pen. He published a great amount of books and booklets, and was the promoter of the Claretian publishing house of Buenos Aires. He also devoted himself to the other social communication media like radio and television. He greatly promoted the devotion to Mary.

Gerard Escudero (+1981), eminent master in canon law.

He was a great scholar of Law. He became a Consultor of the Congregation for Religious. In 1960 he took over as director of CLAUNE, giving his full time to helping the enclosed orders. He also was cofounder of the magazines “Commentarium,” “vida Religiosa” and “Claune.” He published a great number of books on religious life and law.

Felix Juaton (+1981), a Philippine promise nipped in the bud.

Born in Ayala, near Zamboanga in Southern Philippines, in 1954, as early as 1971 he was already a student in the Claretian seminary. Soon his missionary spirit begins to bear fruit and he converted five Moslems to the Christian faith. In 1979 his life was about to take a turn when he was elected to participate as a student in the General Chapter in Rome. From there he went on to Spain to finish his studies, and there he made his perpetual vows. In full process of spiritual maturation, while he was preparing his ordination to the diaconate and his return to the Philippines in 1981, he encountered his death in a highway near Colmenar Viejo.

 Joseph Mª Torres (+1982), a physician in the Philippines by popular acclamation.

Born in 1910 in Miralcamp (Lérida), Spain, Bro. Torres entered the Congregation in 1921 and made his profession in 1927. In 1937 he embarked with the third Claretian expedition to China where he soon created a dispensary. At that time China was at war with Japan and all over there was famine and death. In 1946 the communist revolt broke out. On November 1, 1952 he left China on his way to the Philippines. From then on, he developed an indefatigable activity in the island of Basilan. He suffered great persecutions. In 1977 they even burned his hospital. A new hospital was his last gift to the Philippines shortly before his death that occurred in 1982.

 Gerald Fernandes (+1982), Archbishop and Founder of the Missionary Sisters of St. Anthony Mary Claret.

He was born in Brazil in 1913. He joined the Claretian Missionaries and was ordained to the priesthood in Rome, in 1936. He returned to Brazil where he became a professor and Provincial Consultor. In 1957 he was designated Bishop of Londrina (Brazil) and later promoted to Archbishop. Together with Leonia Milito he founded in 1958 the Congregation of Missionary Sisters of St. Anthony Mary Claret, whose aim was to collaborate with the Church in the expansion of the Reign of Christ. He also held the position of Vice-President of the National Bishops’ Conference of Brazil.

Augustus Andrew Ortega (+1983), our glory in Philosophy.

He was born in Villavedón (Burgos), Spain, in 1904, professed in 1922 and was ordained to the priesthood in 1929. He received the degree of Doctor in Philosophy in the Roman universities, with his doctoral thesis on the analogy of being. He taught in various ecclesiastical centres: Sigüenza, Zafra, Burgos, Granada, Seville, Salamanca (all in Spain) and in Rome. He was a professor and a member of the Institute of Political Studies and organised seminaries in the Menéndez Pelayo University. He found it difficult to write, and therefore he left a scarce literary production. He was a friend of Eugene d’Ors, Zubiri, Conde, Ridruejo, Laín Entralgo, Sopeña, Aranguren, Valverde, Panero… and other eminent Spanish philosophers.

Joao de Freitas Alves (+1984), Apostolic Administrator of São Tomé.

Fr. Alves was born in the island of Madeira (Portugal) in 1930. After he had been Provincial Superior of Portugal, he voluntarily offered himself for the mission of São Tomé and Principe where he went in 1980 and soon after his arrival he was appointed Apostolic Administrator of the mission. All throughout his life he was a model of a Claretian missionary, and he always radiated human warmth, congeniality, openness of mind and heart and a very fine sense of humour. His missionary work in São Tomé was short-lived but very fruitful.

Javier Ochoa (+1989), a well-known jurist.

Born in Santo Domingo de la Calzada, Spain, Fr. Ochoa was ordained a priest in Paris in 1947. In 1954 he obtained the degree of Doctor in both Laws by the Lateran University in Rome. Later on he became a professor of the same and other universities. He held important posts in the Roman Curia, such as Judicial Vicar of the Vatican City. He was personally consulted by the Pope on the new Code of Canon Law and published books of considerable importance. He also held the position of Postulator of the Causes of Canonisation of the Claretian Congregation.

Jesus Erice (+1990), a life dedicated to the service of the Cuna Indian people.

Fr. Erice arrived to the islands of San Blas (Panama) in 1940. His body now rests in one of those islands, as if it were that of a native Sahila. He developed an incredible missionary activity, founding new houses and building churches. At times, he went to the extent of extracting coral rocks from the bottom of the Caribbean Sea with a simple crowbar, in order to reclaim the sea and build there his missionary centres. He baptised the Nele Kantule, the chief of the region and wrote a grammar and a dictionary of the Cuna language. He elicited some priestly and religious vocations from among the natives and was the first non-Cuna to be buried with the exclusive songs of their dead and side by side with a Sahila who had given his life in defence of a Catholic Missionary.

Raphael M. Nzé (+1991), first Archbishop of Malabo (Equatorial Guinea).

He was born in Bata (Equatorial Guinea). At an early age he entered our seminary and was ordained a priest in Santo Domingo de la Calzada in 1954. He was the second Guinean priest of the Congregation. After teaching in Guinea and Spain, in 1965 he was appointed Apostolic Vicar of Río Muni, which later became the Diocese of Bata. He was the first coloured bishop of the Congregation. Due to the persecution of the dictator Macias, he had to abandon his office in 1974. When the country returned to normalcy, he was restored to his position and in 1982 he was made first Archbishop of Malabo. That year he took charge of the reception of Pope John Paul II in his visit to Equatorial Guinea.

Francis Dirnberger (+1993), the Father of the Congregation in India.

He was born in 1916 in a little German town called Flischberg of Bavaria. He was the 13th child of a peasant family. In the religious atmosphere of his family, his desire to become a priest sprang at an early age. He first entered the diocesan seminary of Regensburg, but he left it for reasons of health. In 1938 he entered the Claretian noviciate. He took part in the World War, after which he was ordained to the priesthood. After holding some posts as formator, he was appointed Provincial Superior. He planned the foundation in India, and later on he offered himself to go there. Thanks to him the Congregation developed there extraordinarily, and he himself was the promoter of many foundations. He liked to be called “Thatha,” grandfather. He died in India and was buried, as was his wish, in the garden of the house of Karumathur.

Thomas Louis Pujadas (1994), a versatile Catalonian.

He was born in 1904 in Sabadell (Barcelona), Spain. He excelled as a writer of numerous works and as a prolific musician and composer. He was a teacher and professor, director of youth and of magazines; he founded the Federation of Friends of the Cinema and was a missionary in Equatorial Guinea and in Darien.

Alcides Fernández (+1995), the Colombian Pilot.

He was a Colombian Missionary in Chocó for many years. He arrived there in a small monoplane using his pilot’s license for the first time. He designed elementary airports along the banks of River Atrato and built villages for settlers of the interior, in the rich zone of the Chocoan Urabá. He came unharmed out of two accidents, one of which wrecked his small plane.

Marcelino Cabreros (+1995), an extraordinary jurist.

He was born in Cerecinos de Campos (Zamora), Spain in 1901. He received his formation in Segovia, Beire and Santo Domingo, all in Spain. In 1924 he went to Rome where he specialised in Law. He taught in our seminaries and in the Pontifical University of Salamanca, where he became Dean. His life was totally dedicated to teaching and he has enjoyed international renown as a professor. One of the awards he received was the Commendation with a plaque of the Civil Order of Alfonso X the Wise. He published many works that were widely circulated.

Alfonso Sánchez (+1997), Colombian bishop.

Born in Bogotá (Colombia) in 1913, he was ordained a Claretian priest in 1937. For many years he was a formator of young Claretian seminarians. He also excelled as a musician. He was the first native Colombian to become Provincial Superior. He co-ordinated religious life in Colombia and in 1969 was appointed Bishop of Alto Sinú.

Joseph Mª Querexeta (+1997), a Prelate in the Philippines.

He was born in Urrestilla (Guipúzcoa), Spain, in 1921. From the tender age of 8 he felt an irresistible vocation towards the missions. In 1948 he was assigned to China, from where he was expelled in 1951. From then on he developed his missionary activity in the Philippines and took charge of the foundation of the house of Quezon City. In 1964 he was appointed bishop of the newly created Prelature of Isabela in the Basilan island. He was outstanding in his dialogue with the Moslems and in the defence of human rights.

PROPER NOUNS

Francis Berenguer (+1886), pioneer in Chile.

Francis Vilajosana (+1887), saint inured to suffering.

Raymond Genover (+1927), prestigious apostle.

John Iruarrízaga (+1936), musician and martyr.

Joseph Puigdessens (+1936), illustrious writer and martyr.

Julius Aramendía (+1936), expert in mystical theology and martyr.

Peter Mardones (+1937), student most faithful in virtue.

Peter Guevara (+1941), virtuous superior.

Paul Medina (+1943), apostle of great qualities and virtue.

Joseph Dueso (+1943), apostle of the press.

Ezekiel Villarroya (+1945), a man of leadership.

Raymond Ribera (+1949), writer and spiritual guide.

Aurelius Calero (+1955), companion of the cross.

James Tort (+1955), promoter of faith in the USA.

Antonio Soteras (+1957), model superior.

Francis Onetti (+1958), tireless missionary of Chocó.

Anastacio Vazquez (+1958), a Claretian reference in Brazil.

Eulogio Nebreda (+1959), theologian with great personality.

Julian Munárriz (+1962), a man with leadership qualities.

Paul Juvillá (+1963), missionary in Colombia and writer.

John Agustí (+1965), formator of generations of students and great counsellor.

Angel de Mª Canals (+1967), great missionary and writer.

Cándido Bajo (+1969), scholarly man of leadership.

Gregory Martínez de Antoñana (+1970), famous liturgist.

Dictino de la Parte (+1971), in-charge of the Pontifical Mission Works in Brazil.

Toribio Pérez (+1972), renowned for his virtue.

Joseph de Sojo (+1977), inventor.

Antonio Peinador (+1978), master in moral theology.

Joachim Mª Alonso (+1981), prolific theologian, expert in Mariology.

Thomas de Manzárraga (+1988), musician and genial maestro.

Charles E. Mesa (+1989), tireless Colombian writer.

Narciso García Garcés (+1989), renowned Mariologist.

Francis Juberías (+1991), formator and spiritual director.

Luke Gutiérrez (+1991), theologian renewer of religious life.

Timothy de Urkiri (+1993), a Basque Claretian.

Jesus Hernández (+1995), an exemplary Lay Brother.

Hilarius Apodaca (+1995), above all, a promoter of the Heart of Mary.

  DECEASED CLARETIAN PRELATES

Anthony Mary Claret (+1870), Archbishop of Santiago de Cuba (1850), Titular Archbishop of Trajanópolis (1860).

Ciriaco Ramírez (+1888), first Apostolic Prefect of Fernando Póo, Equatorial Guinea (1883).

Peter Vall-Llovera (+1890), Apostolic Prefect of Fernando Póo, Equatorial Guinea (1888).

John Gil (+1912), first Apostolic Prefect of Chocó, Colombia (1890).

Armengol Coll (+1918), Apostolic Prefect of Fernando Póo, Equatorial Guinea (1890), first Apostolic Vicar of Fernando Póo and Titular Bishop of Thignica in Numidia (1904).

Anthony Mary Pueyo del Val (+1929), Bishop of Pasto, Colombia (1917).

Francis Ozamiz (+1929), first Prelate of San José de Tocantins, Brazil (1926).

Nicholas González (+1935), Apostolic Vicar of Fernando Póo, Equatorial Guinea (1918).

Florentino Simón (+1935), Prelate of San José de Tocantins, Brazil (1931).

Francis Gutiérrez (+1941), Apostolic Prefect of Chocó, Colombia (1912).

John Joseph Maíztegui (+1943), first Apostolic Vicar of Darien, Panama (1926), second Archbishop of Panama (1933).

Raymond Mary Font (+1947), first Bishop of Tarija, Bolivia (1925).

Francis Sanz (+1953), Apostolic Prefect of Chocó, Colombia (1931).

Joseph Fogued (+1954), Apostolic Prefect of Tunki, China (1937).

Leoncio Fernández (+1957), Apostolic Vicar of Fernando Póo, Equatorial Guinea (1935).

Joseph Mary Preciado (+1963), Apostolic Vicar of Darien, Panama (1934).

Abel Antezana (+1968), first Bishop of Oruro, Bolivia (1925), Bishop of La Paz (1939) and first Archbishop of La Paz (1943).

Arcadius Mary Larraona (+1973), Secretary of the Sacred Congregation of Religious (1950), Cardinal (1959). Titular Archbishop (1962).

Arturo Tabera (+1975), Apostolic Administrator of Barbastro (1946), first Bishop of Albacete (1950), Archbishop of Pamplona (1968). Cardinal (1969).

Joseph de Matos (+1976), first Bishop of Barretos, Brazil (1973).

Francis Gómez (+1979), Apostolic Vicar of Fernando Póo, Equatorial Guinea (1957), first Bishop of Santa Isabel (1966).

Geraldo Fernandez (+1982), first Bishop of Londrina (1956), first Archbishop of Londrina ((1970).

Joao de Freitas Alves (+1984), Apostolic Administrator of São Tomé y Principe (1980).

Raphael Mary Nze (+1991), Apostolic Vicar of Río Muni, Equatorial Guinea (1965), Bishop of Bata (1966), Archbishop of Malabo (1982).

Joseph Mary Márquez (+1995), Prelate of Humahuaca (1973).

Francis Prada (+1995), Prelate of San José de Tocantins, Brazil (1946), Bishop of Uruazú (1957).

Alfonso Sánchez (+1997), Prelate of Alto Sinú, Colombia (1969).

Jesus Serrano (+1997), Apostolic Vicar of Darién, Panama (1956).

Joseph Mary Querexeta (+1997), Prelate of Isabela, Philippines (1963).

  BASIC BIBLIOGRAPHY

ALSINA, M.: Villarroya, E.: “Vida del Rmo. P. Martín Alsina” [Life of the Most Rev. Fr. Martin Alsina], 1959.

ANÍBAL, J.: Mesa, C.E.: “Jesús Aníbal, testigo de sangre” [Jesus Aníbal, Witness of blood], 1964.

ARMENGOL COLL: Canals, E: “El Padre Grande de Guinea” [The Great Father of Guinea], 1994.

AVELLANA, M.: Gutiérrez, F.: “Siervo de Dios P. Mariano Avellana” [The Servant of God Fr. Mariano Avellana], 1980.

“       : Cabré, A: “Mariano o la fuerza de Dios” [Mariano or the Strength of God], Santiago de Chile.

BUXÓ, J.: Quibus, J.: “Médico, religioso y mártir” [Physician, Religious and martyr], 1948.

CLOTET, J.: Aguilar, M.: “Biografía del S.D.P. Jaime Clotet” [Biography of the Servant of God Fr. James Clotet], 1907.

“           : J.Mª Lozano: “Un hombre en la presencia de Dios” [A man in the presence of God], Roma, 1971.

“          : Arranz, A.Mª.: “Quién fue el P. Clotet” [Who was Fr. Clotet], Madrid 1962.

GIOL, M.: “Echevarría, J.: “Biografía del H. Manuel Giol” [Biography of Bro. Emmanuel Gio], 1920.

IRUARRÍZAGA: Alday, J.Mª.: “Los hermanos Iruarrízaga” [The Iruarrízaga brothers], 1987.

JUATON, R.: Fernández, G.: “Yo conocí a Boby Juatón” [I knew Bobby Juaton], 1983.

LARRAONA, A.M.: Frisón, B.: “Cardenal Larraona” [Cardinal Larraona], 1979.

MARCER, P.: Torre, T.: “Vida del H. Pedro Marcer” [Life of Brother Peter Marcer], 1946.

NAVAL, A.: Torre, T.: “Vida del P. Antonio Naval” [Life of Fr. Anthony Naval], 1955.

OCHOA, J.: Andrés, J. “Javier Ochoa Sanz” [Xavier Ochoa Sanz], 1989.

ORTEGA, A.A.: Rodríguez, F.: “El P. Augusto A. Ortega” [Fr. Augustus A. Ortega], 1983.

PALAU, M.: Arranz, A.Mª.: “Un santo entre andamios” [A saint among scaffolds], 1957.

POSTÍUS, J.: Pujadas, T.L.: “El P. Postíus: un hombre para la Iglesia” [Fr. Postíus: a man for the Church], 1981.

PRELADOS CLARETIANOS: Mesa,C.E.:”Galería de Prelados claretia­nos” [Gallery of Claretian Prelates], 1985.

PUEYO, A.M.: Mesa, C.E.: “El P. Pueyo, obispo de Pasto” [Fr. Pueyo, Bishop of Pasto], 1984.

SALA, E.: Aguilar, M.: “Biografía del S.D.P. Esteban Sala” [Biography of the Servant of God, Fr. Stephen Sala], 1907.

SAPERAS, F.: Arranz, A.: “El mártir de la castidad” [Martyr of chastity], 1976.

SIALO, J.M.: Sanz, A.: “Abriendo caminos” [Clearing paths], 1992.

TABERA, A.: Mesa, C.E.: “El Cardenal Tabera” [Cardinal Tabera], 1982.

TORRES, J.Mª.: Olmedo, P.: “H. José Mª. Torres” [Bro. Joseph M. Torres], 1985.

URRUTIA, A: Urquiri, T.: “Un claretiano euskaldún” [A Basque Claretian], 1979.

VALLIER, P.: Alduán, M.: ” Vida del S.D.P. Pablo Vallier” [Life of the Servant of God, Fr. Paul Vallier], 1919.

VASQUEZ, A.: Pascoal, A.: “Esboço necrologico do Rmo.P. A.Vasquez” [Necrological outline of the Most Rev. Fr. A. Vasquez].

XANCÓ, M.: Alduán, M.: “Biografía del S.D. Miguel Xancó” [Biographyof the Servant of God Michael Xancó], 1920.

XIFRÉ, J.: Pujol, L.: “Semblanza de un héroe” [Profile of a hero], 1947.

OTHERS: see ANNALES and Provincial Bulletins.